Tropical forests are rapidly degrading, endangering biodiversity, accelerating climate change and affecting local communities' livelihoods. International society has agreed to protect forests for the benefit of current and future generations. At global and national levels, several satellite-based forest monitoring systems are used, but with relatively coarse resolution. The role of the local community is underutilized, despite the fact that it is an important player in both monitoring and protecting these forests.
Industries are motivated to make their processes more climate neutral and circular. This implies a switch from fossil-based activities to bio-based activities keeping chains as short and efficient as possible. This triggers the search for feedstock within a local spatial range of existing facilities. Alternatively, the industry searches for locations to start new bio-based activities sourced by local biomass. The challenge is to find large amounts of biomass that are both cost efficient and adhere to sustainability standards.
Climate change is affecting European society. It intensifies floods, droughts, extreme temperatures, storms, water scarcity and sea level rise, substantially increasing the risk and impact of climate related events. With the EU Adaptation Strategy and more recently the European Green Deal, Europe is aiming at becoming more climate resilient and works towards a sustainable green transition. Achieving this ambition requires concerted actions on local to national level, supported by complementing activities at the European level. It also requires that climate adaptation is integrated into a broad range of sectoral policies.
Agri-food research is increasingly becoming an international network of research groups working together in large multi-disciplinary projects. To efficiently solve food security challenges, agricultural modelers need to work together, sharing their knowledge, data and algorithms. Although opportunities for remote collaboration and sharing resources in the cloud are available, most of them are offered commercially through big tech companies. There are still many barriers for their use, like a lack of integration of different services and considerations of trust, safety, ownership, privacy and openness. Reliable and open shared working environments are needed that support the whole research process.